Archive | December 6, 2017

Singapore Business Registration Guide for Foreign Entrepreneurs

A person with his own business enjoys more financial independence and greater control on his financial status. But to succeed in any venture, it is important for anyone to visualize first his goals, business structure to follow, and other related details before proceeding to his business. Three Basic Types of Business Entities

The first thing an entrepreneur should decide is what type of business entity he wants to adopt before he starts the application for Singapore business registration.

Is it sole proprietorship in which he would be the only owner and will enjoy full control? Is it partnership in which he can have up to 20 business partners which means more funding? Or is it private limited company (or corporation) in which his business will enjoy perpetual existence while his personal assets are protected from the debts and losses of his company?

Every business entity has its own pros and cons which must be greatly considered. However, most experts agree that a private limited company is the most ideal for entrepreneurs with a long-term goal for their business as this setup will allow them to enjoy protection of asset, attractive corporate incentives, and other benefits.

The Products and Services

Bonafide entrepreneurs have always associated their products and services to their target-market so they can estimate the amount of capital they will need, equipment and materials to be purchased, and the level of quality they should offer.

Meanwhile, these questions can guide budding entrepreneurs on deciding on what products or services they should offer: What are my niche skills and interests that can generate profit? What is the estimated profit of my product? Can it be easily sold? It is easy to produce? Does it have an existing target-market?

Competitive and Market Analysis

One of the most important things any entrepreneurs should do is examine the business environment which includes the existing competition, different types of consumers, media, social norms, and other factors which can have a direct and indirect impact on their business.

When conducting competitive analysis, most experts agree that these four factors should be the main focus of entrepreneurs: who are the direct and indirect competitors, the specific market of competitors, the number of years they have been operating, and how do they attract their target-market.

Operations of a Business

Operations usually include the location, how many employees a certain business will need, the equipment, machinery, suppliers, materials, ways to track inventory and sales, and other related-issues.

Claims Payment Record Of The Private Insurance Companies

As we know, there are 20 odd private life insurance companies in India, and there is LIC which is a public sector company. LIC is the 800 pound gorilla, managing to hold on to about 75% market share even 10 years after private companies have been allowed into the life insurance space. The private life insurance companies position themselves on being more customer friendly, wider array of products etc while LIC holds on to its positioning of trust, experience and government backing. One of the key parameters on which to judge a life insurance company is their claims payment record. At the same time, we must note that given that life insurance has become more of a savings and investment product, the returns that they provide are perhaps more important than claims payout ratios. Nevertheless, claims record is definitely not a variable to be ignored.

A table illustrating the claims rejection percentages of the top life insurance companies in 2009-10 is presented below:

Life Insurance Company
Claims rejection ratio (%)

LIC 1.21%
Aviva 9.75%
Bajaj Allianz 5.2%
Birla SunLife 10.62%
HDFC Life 4.67%
ICICI Prudential 3.27%
ING Vysya 4.26%
Kotak Mahindra 4.29%
Max New York Life 12.31%
MetLife 5.94%
Reliance Life 7.05%
SBI Life 14.75%
Tata AIG 12.3%

An important observation from the above table is that the claims rejection ratio of LIC is the lowest, thus implying that their record is the best as far as claims payment is concerned. At the same time, the very high percentage of claims rejection of SBI Life and Max New York Life surely comes in as a surprise.

It must however be noted once again that in Unit Linked products that life insurance companies promote aggressively (or at least was promoting till Sep 2010) , the returns earned on the fund is perhaps a more important variable than the claims payment (or rejection) ratio. However, for non life insurance companies, which offer pure protection/insurance products with no savings or investment component, claims payment is the crucial variable along with the speed of processing of claims.

Let us now look at the incurred claims ratios of the non life insurance companies:

Non Life Insurance Company
Incurred claims ratio

New India Assurance 89%
Oriental Insurance 99.69%
United India Insurance 78.62%
National Insurance 99.16%
Royal Sundaram 68.95%
Reliance General Insurance 77.3%
Iffco Tokio Insurance 83.44%
Tata AIG 60.54%
ICICI Lombard 85.35%
Bajaj Allianz 71.9%
HDFC Ergo 80.73%
Bharti Axa 104%%

One data point that stands out from above is that Tata AIG General Insurance seems to be sourcing the best quality business from the underwriting point of view, whereas the claims payment ratio of Bharti Axa seems to be quite high. Alo,the claims payment ratio of the public insurers, at an overall level, is higher than that of the private non life insurers.